Cricket started back in the 16th century, and its popularity has kept growing year after year. It is a ball-and-sport that features batting, fielding, running, and throwing. Despite the great popularity with billions of fans following every tournament across continents, many still express the difficulty in understanding how to play. To enjoy the game, and more importantly play in various competitions, there is no shortcut; you have to get the rules. In this guide, we have prepared everything you need to know about cricket to enjoy and play like a pro.

The objective of any cricket game

The core objective of any cricket team is getting more runs than the opponent. The games have three main variations, Test, one Day, and 20 Twenty, which have various time limitations.

To score when playing cricket, the player is required to hit the ball using a bat. As one team bats, the opponent bows and fields. You have to target to bowl the opponent out or as few runs as you can. Once a team has lost all wickets/ allotted time, they switch roles.

Players and equipment for playing cricket

Every side consists of 11 players including batsmen, fielders, bowlers, and wicket keepers. Though every player has a designated role just like in soccer, they can interchange appropriately to win the game.

The size of the pitch varies greatly though the circumference of the entire field must be 200 meters. The edge of the playing field is the boundary/line that marks whether you are in or out.

The wicket is at the center of the pitch. It has two sets of 3 stumps on either end and must be 22 yards apart. At the end of every wicket, a line of about 2 yards across the wicket is drawn. The bowler bowls the ball from one end as the batsman tries to hit it from the other end.

Batsmen must wear paddings such as gloves, leg guard, helmet, and chest guard. They also have to be on spiked shoes and white clothing.


A run ensues when the ball is hit by a batsman and 2 batsmen successfully run to the other side. Batsmen can make very many runs before being given out. If the cricket ball crosses the boundary after bouncing at least once after a hit by a bat, four runs are given. However, if the ball gets off the boundary without a bounce, the batting team is awarded 6 runs.

Your team can also score runs when a bowler gets a no ball (bowler oversteps the wicket’s front line) or a bye (no other person touches the ball except the 2 runaway batsmen). Additional scores are awarded when the bowler bowls a wide delivery (a ball too far from stumps) or gets a leg bye (the ball hits the batsman body and a run ensues).

How does a team win in cricket?

The game alternates with one team batting first while the other field. The batting team tries making as many scores as possible within the allocated timeframe while the bowling team members try containing them by fielding the cricket ball. Then, the teams swap the position for the same period. At the end of the competition, it is the number of runs that determine the winning team.

The key rules of cricket 

  • Each team must comprise of 11 members.
  • A bowler has to bowl the 6 legal deliveries to comprise an over.
  • Every game must consist of 2 umpires standing at either side of the wicket. These umpires count the ball numbers on the over. They also make the decision whether the batsman was out following an appeal.
  • The Batman can get an out by getting caught, being bowled, gets leg before wicket, stumped, handled the ball, timed out, hit wicket, hit the ball twice, and obstruction.
  • Test cricket must be played for 5 days with each team getting 2 innings.
  • Scores are summed together to get the winner.
  • International games get 2 additional umpires.
  • Fielding team must have a designated wicket-keeper. This is the only person who wears gloves and pads.